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Various Types of Teeth Dentals

Sinus Lift

Sinus Lift
Sinus Lift

After you lose a tooth, the bone tissue begins to degrade. If you have lost a significant amount of bone it can be difficult to place your new implants. One way to overcome this issue is with a bone graft. A sinus lift is a type of bone graft that utilizes space in your sinus cavity to improve bone depth. A sinus lift is used when implants in the premolar or molar region would otherwise enter the sinus cavity and perforate the sinus membrane.

How is a sinus lift performed?

A sinus lift is a relatively simple procedure. It is made even easier using modern 3D imaging technology. Your dentist uses a virtual 3D model of you jawbone to expertly plan your procedure. Your dentist starts the procedure by making a small incision in your gums. A window is then cut into your jawbone, giving him or her access to your maxillary cavity. The maxillary sinus membrane is gently lifted up, a bone grafting material is inserted below it. The incision in the gums is then closed up. Depending on circumstances, your dentist may place the implant at the same time or you may need to wait a couple of months for the bone graft to heal.

Synthetic bone is used for the bone graft in an implant clinic. The bovine derived Hydroxyapatite Cerabone used for the procedure is well-tested and similar to your own bone. It has been proved safe and effective in replacing lost bone tissue.

What happens after the sinus lift?

Pain and bleeding is expected for the first 2 – 3 days. Pain medication and anti-inflammatory medication can help reduce pain and swelling. You should avoid sneezing during the first few days following the procedure. If you suffer from allergies, make sure to take allergy medication to control them. If the pain and bleeding does not get better, or gets worse, after the first three days, you should contact your dentist.

Dental Crowns

If your tooth is broken or severely decayed, a dental crown may be the best option for restoring your smile. A crown is a cap that fits over the remaining tooth. The cap allows the tooth to continue to function as a regular tooth. Depending on the material chosen for the crown, it can look just like a real tooth.

There are several material options available for your crown:

Dental Crowns
Dental Crowns

Gold is the most traditional crown option. People have been using gold crowns for thousands of years. Gold is durable, malleable and will not corrode. A gold crown is not made from pure gold, but from a gold alloy. An alloy is made by combining gold with other metals. These other metals give the gold extra strength. Depending on the exact nature of the alloy, the crown can be either yellow or silver. The disadvantage of a gold crown is that it does not look like a real tooth.

Porcelain offers the best appearance and is strong, but not as strong as gold.

Porcelain bonded to metal combines the natural look of porcelain with the strength of a metal crown. The porcelain crown may be bonded to gold or titanium; both are strong and bio-compatible.

Zirconia is a relatively new option that is both strong and natural-looking. It is an advanced ceramic material that is similar to the body’s natural tooth structure. Unlike other ceramics, it is not brittle. Zirconia crowns can last as long as gold crowns, if properly cared for.

Your crowns cannot decay, but the tooth underneath can. This is why it is important to care for your crowns as you do your other teeth, by brushing and flossing daily.

An implant crown is similar to a regular dental crown, but it is bonded to an abutment, rather than your tooth. Implant crowns are most commonly made from porcelain bonded to metal, but are available in options similar to regular crowns as well. Dental implants cannot decay, but the surrounding gum and bone tissue is subject to periodontal disease, if not cared for properly. As with regular crowns, you should continue to brush and floss daily.

At an implant clinic, a full implant can be carry out which including the implant, abutment and crown. These procedures can be performed in a state-of-the-art facilities to provide maximum comfort and an unparalleled success rate.

Dental Bridges

A dental bridge is a permanent, or fixed, denture used to replace one or more teeth. To place the bridge, your dentist must first prepare the surrounding teeth. The teeth on either side of the missing tooth are shaped into circular abutments that the bridge gets bonded to. If you only have a tooth on one side of the missing tooth, a special bridge known as a cantilever bridge must be used. After the teeth are prepared, an impression is made of the mouth and then sent to a dental lab. The dental lab fabricates the bridge using the impression as a guide. During a second visit, your dentist bonds the new bridge to the prepared teeth. The bridge is permanent and should look just like natural teeth.

Dental Bridges
Dental Bridges

A dental bridge is more comfortable than a removable denture, but will not stop bone loss. It also has the disadvantage that healthy teeth must be damaged in order to fit it. For these reasons, a dental implant may be a better option, especially if you are very young. A dental implant is anchored into the jaw, preventing further bone loss and maximizing comfort.

For dentists who are specialize in dental implants may also provide you with dental bridges if you feel they are more suitable to your current needs. You can make an appointment for a free consultation to discuss all of your options. During your consultation, the dentist provide you with a written treatment plan that provides all of the positive and negative aspects of any available treatment options. This allows you to make the most informed decision about you oral health.

Porcelain Veneers

Porcelain veneers are thin coverings that are fitted to the front of your teeth to fix cosmetic problems. Veneers can cover up a number of problems, including discolored teeth, chipped teeth, cracked teeth and misshapen teeth. They can also help prevent tooth decay if you have damaged enamel. Veneers have become very popular recently, after having appeared on several makeover shows, because they can provide a dramatic improvement to your smile in a relatively short period of time.

Porcelain Veneers
Porcelain Veneers

Your dentist prepares your mouth for veneers by removing a thin layer of material from each tooth receiving a veneer. This creates a rough surface to which the veneers can easily bond. After the teeth have been prepared, an impression is taken of them. A dental lab custom makes the veneers using this impression. While waiting for your custom veneers, your dentist may place provisional coverings to protect your teeth. Once your veneers are ready, your dentist cements them to your teeth. A properly placed veneer should look and act just like the natural tooth.

For teeth that are too damaged to be saved by veneers, you can choose for affordable dental implants.

Root Canal Treatment

A root canal is required when the root of your tooth gets infected. During the root canal, a window is cut through the crown of the tooth and the nerve is removed along with any infection or decay. The root is then filled with a substance called gutta-percha and the hole in the tooth is sealed. In some cases, a crown may be fitted to the tooth.

Root canals have a 95% success rate and teeth fixed during root canals are likely to last your entire life. In some rare cases, however, the root canal may fail. This can happen if the tooth contains an extra root that is not cleaned and filled or if the tooth becomes damaged. In these cases, the bacteria moves back into the tooth and causes more decay. As a result, you may need another root canal.

Root Canal Treatment
Root Canal Treatment

If the tooth is too damaged, a root canal may not be an option. In this case, the tooth needs to be extracted. There are several options for replacing the lost tooth: a removable denture, a dental bridge or a dental implant. A dental implant is the best option, because it prevents bone loss.