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Spotting The Menstrual Period Cycle


Women have their so-called monthly “bloody visitor,” which is known as menstruation. This is a cycle that occurs monthly when blood is expelled from the vagina. Furthermore, most women suffer from menstrual pains like lower abdominal cramps, which is medically termed as dysmenorrhea that occurs during their menstrual period. However, there are also symptoms that occur before the menstrual period. These are known as pre-menstrual symptoms.

women menstrual
women menstrual

Pre-menstrual Symptoms

These pre-menstrual symptoms will naturally warn the women that their “monthly visitor” is approaching. These are the following pre-menstrual symptoms:

  • Water retention
  • Cramps
  • Bloating
  • Sore breasts
  • Backache
  • Some pressures in the pelvic regions
  • Cravings for food
  • Mood changes, such as irritability
  • Having some difficulties in concentrating
  • Headaches\Fatigue

Some women may also experience a different positive sensation as their monthly period arrives, such as:

  • Release
  • Relief
  • New beginning
  • Euphoria
  • Connection with Mother Nature
  • Creativity
  • Increased sex drive
  • Intense orgasms
  • Exhilaration

Research shows that 85% of women have experienced pre-menstrual symptoms before their period arrives. They have observed some physical and emotional changes during the time surrounding their menstrual period. However, if the emotional and physical changes become severe, it could be a sign of PMS or premenstrual syndrome. This will usually occur a week or two before the menstruation period. Pre-menstrual symptoms are caused by the changing hormonal levels before the menstruation period will start.

Menstrual symptoms and pains will occur during the first five days of the woman’s menstrual period. This is due to the contraction brought about by spasms in the uterus that sheds its lining. These menstrual pains are much lighter compared to childbirth. The contractions of the muscles are caused by the chemical known as the prostaglandins. It is a hormone that will cause the uterine muscles to contract; and, sometimes, it will deprive the organ from the needed oxygen. Thus, it will then lead to menstrual cramps.

The woman’s hormonal level will then start to change in the next 14 days. This will prepare for the next release of the matured egg from the ovary. Estrogen and progesterone hormones will continue to increase for four days before the menstrual period takes place. Thus, if fertilization will not take place, the eggs will fall. It will cause emotional and physical imbalance in women. Generally, people would say “It’s a girl thing” when referring to these symptoms.

As the ovulation occurs, women will feel some back and abdominal pains or sometimes dizziness. Furthermore, you might experience bloating a week before the start of your menstrual period. Water retention might also be felt as one of the menstrual symptoms. It could be on your legs or on the face. Some other symptoms include tenderness of the breast, sleeplessness and lowered activity levels or having low energy.

Other women crave for food and there is a sudden change in their appetite. Worse, the eruption of acne is evident; and it becomes one of the most annoying menstrual symptoms for women. Of course, females are very conscious about their faces; and they really hate acne and even pimples. Thus, women who are experiencing these symptoms will feel anxious and tend to withdraw from any public exposures and activities.

Women may also suffer from indigestion and diarrhea. However, if these menstrual symptoms continue and the pain gets more severe, they are usually referred as dysmenorrhea. This is among the most painful menstrual symptoms that a woman can experience when her period occurs. It is like a simultaneous feeling of varied complications in your body.

Menstrual pains and other menstrual symptoms are not selective. Women who are already in the fertile period from the ages of 12 to 51 may experience these menstrual pains at some point in their lives.

Delayed Period

Do you want to know what causes your delayed period? Sexually active women might think that they’re pregnant. Yes, it’s possible. But, don’t you know that there are lots of other medical conditions that will cause your delayed period? This article contains useful information about the causes of your delayed menstrual period. So, if you want to determine its causes, please do read on.

Usually, women will naturally think that a delayed period is caused by pregnancy. Yes, there is a big possibility for that, especially if you are sexually active and if there are some other symptoms that occur like vomiting and dizziness. However, delayed periods are not always caused by pregnancy. Most of the time, late menstrual periods is caused by amenorrhea.

What is Amenorrhea (Delayed period)?

Medically, a late menstrual cycle is known as amenorrhea. In fact, amenorrhea has two types, namely primary and secondary amenorrhea.

Primary amenorrhea is when women who are at least 16 years old experience delayed periods. On the other hand, secondary amenorrhea is the case when women experience three to six (3-6) months of delayed menstrual cycle preceding their normal routines.

Reasons For Delayed Period?

There are various reasons why women experience a delayed period. These are some of the most common causes:

Birth control: Contraceptives, like birth control pills, will affect your regular menstrual period. If you have discontinued your pill intake, there is a big possibility that you will experience a delayed period for three to six (3-6) months. However, it is a normal reaction of your body. But if your delayed period will take longer than expected, you need to seek medical help.

Breastfeeding: Your body’s condition will determine your regular menstrual routines. Most of the time, ovulation may be present but there will still be no signs of menstrual flow. Thus, lactating mothers may experience a delayed period.

Eating disorders: Eating disorders, such as bulimia and anorexia, will cause menstrual delays.

Excessive weight loss: Delayed periods are also caused by the disturbed functions of your hormones. Hormonal changes, like excessive weight loss, will affect your menstrual routine. However, if your weight will be restored to its healthy level, your regular menstrual cycle will be restored as well.

Hormonal disorders: Generally, your hormones play a very vital role in your menstrual cycles. Thus, any disturbance or problem that will affect your hormonal functions, like polycystic ovarian syndrome (Stein Leventhal syndrome), will affect your regular menstrual routine, too. In fact, six percent (6%) of women of childbearing age have this syndrome.

Medications: Anti-psychotics, antidepressants, oral corticosteroids and drugs that are used in chemotherapy can cause your late menstrual period. It is a normal reaction of your body to such strong drugs.

Ovarian tumor: Most of the time, ovarian tumors will cause amenorrhea.

Pregnancy: Most women will think that they are pregnant if they will experience a late period, especially after having unprotected coitus with their partner. Generally, amenorrhea is primarily caused by pregnancy. Thus, if you have experienced delayed periods that are caused by pregnancy, you need to consult your midwife or gynecologist.

Premature menopause: Women who are approaching their menopausal age like early 40’s will experience delayed menstrual periods.

Stress: Certainly, one of the most common causes of a delayed period is stress. Furthermore, women who are engaged in a strenuous lifestyle, like gymnasts, ballerinas and long-distance runners, have bigger possibilities of experiencing delayed periods.

If you have experienced a delayed period on a regular base, it is always best to consult your gynecologist. They can always help you in determining the real cause of your late menstrual period. Just remember, prevention is always better than cure. Best of all, your real wealth is your health.

Heavy Period

What are the causes of a heavy period? Generally, women don’t like heavy periods. Of course, it’s quite a hassle keeping an eye on your butt or even changing your tampons or pads every hour or two. However, have you ever asked your gynecologist about the causes of your heavy period? If not, then this article might help. Thus, if you want to have some more information about the causes of heavy periods, do continue reading on.

Menorrhagia (Heavy Period)

Medically, heavy periods are known as menorrhagia. It is a condition wherein women will experience heavy menstrual flows that requires them to change their pads every hour or two, or that has them have a menstrual period that will last for more than a week. So, what are the causes of your heavy period? Read further.

Top 10 causes of having a heavy period

Heavy PeriodHormonal imbalance: Generally, your hormonal level will affect your regular menstrual cycle. Thus, any change in your hormonal functions will cause heavy periods. Fluctuations of your hormonal functions occur when women are in their adolescent and menopausal stages. These situations will cause excessive menstrual flows. Furthermore, contraceptives, like pills, will affect your hormonal functions, too.

Uterine fibroid tumors: This condition will also cause a heavy period. Usually, this tumor is benign or non-cancerous. It is the type of tumor that will occur in women’s uterus in their 30s and 40s. This can be treated through surgery, like myomectomy andendemetrial ablation. In addition, you can also treat this medical condition without undergoing any surgical operation. Oral contraceptives, GnRH agonist, gestrinone and other pharmacological treatments can cure uterine fibroid tumors.

Cervical polyps: These are small flimsy growths that occur in your cervical areas, specifically in the mucosal plane. However, it will also appear on your endocervical canal and project into the opening of your cervix. Women who might have cervical polyps are those who are in their 20s and have children. This condition will also affect your menstrual flow and will cause your heavy period.

Endometrial polyps: This medical condition will cause your heavy period. Typically, this medical condition is known as a non-cancerous one. It is characterized by some growth projection in your uterus. Generally, these are associated with excessive estrogens. However, its causes are not clear yet. Thus, it is best to seek professional help.

Lupus: This is an inflammation in your chronic areas; and it is also an auto-immune illness that will affect some parts of your body, namely the joints, skin and even your kidneys. Lupus has various signs and symptoms. Furthermore, it varies from patient to patient. Thus, it is always best to go and visit your gynecologist. It will also cause heavy periods.

Cervical cancer: Abnormal functions of your cervical cells will cause cervical cancer. Generally, these cancerous cells can multiply easily and are very capable of damaging parts of your body. Ninety percent (90%) of cervical cancers are caused by HPV or the human papillomavirus. Women who have cervical cancer will also experience heavy periods.

Intrauterine Devices (IUDs): Women who are using Intrauterine devices, or IUDs, as contraceptives have the possibility of experiencing heavy periods. However, if your menstrual flow is already prolonged while you are using this kind of contraceptive, it would be best to visit your gynecologist. You will need to remove your IUD and seek for another alternative like birth control pills.

VWD or von Willebrand Disease: This is one of the most common causes of having a heavy period. It is a condition wherein bleeding is very hard to stop. VWD can be treated via releasing the factors of stored clotting. However, in severe cases, it can be treated through clotting factor replacements with IV or nasal spray treatments.

These are some of the most common causes of having a heavy period. Heavy periods are not a normal condition; thus, it is advisable to visit your gynecologist.

Irregular Bleeding

What is an irregular bleeding? What are the causes? Well, this article contains useful information about irregular menstrual period. Thus, if you want to know more about the causes of irregular menstrual flow, please do read on.

Based from the term “irregular,” you can perceive that it means having an abnormal menstrual cycle. Yes, irregular bleeding is also known as an abnormal menstrual period. It will occur if your menstrual period is longer or shorter than your normal menstrual period. If you have menstrual periods that will occur out of your normal menstrual cycle or having a delayed period, then you are having an irregular bleeding.

What Are The Causes Of An Irregular Bleeding?

There are various causes of an abnormal menstrual cycle. It can be a benign or a serious medical condition that needs serious medication. However, it is always best to consult your gynecologist about your menstrual conditions.

Cancer: Cancer is one of the major causes of having an irregular bleeding. There are various types of cancer that will occur in the female reproductive system, such as ovarian and cervical cancer. Oftentimes, vaginal bleeding is mistakenly thought of as having a heavy menstrual flow. But, vaginal bleeding is a symptom of cancer. Thus, you need to determine if the blood really comes from your vagina which is not related to menstrual flow. If you have experienced excessive menstrual flow or excessive vaginal bleeding, it is best to seek professional help. Anyway, there is a big possibility that ovarian and cervical cancer can be treated in their early stages.These are the common causes of having an irregular menstrual cycle.

Contraceptives: Contraceptives will also affect your menstrual flow. However, in technical terms, bleeding due to contraceptives is not really an irregular bleeding condition which is related to menstrual cycles. This medical condition will occur normally during the primary months of taking such contraceptives. But, within the next following months, your menstrual period should return to its regular routine. However, it is still best to seek professional advice once your menstrual breakthrough will go beyond its normal characteristics. You might need to change your medication to protect your health.

Hormonal Imbalance: Generally, your hormonal levels will affect your regular menstrual cycle. Thus, any change in your hormonal level will cause irregular bleeding. Hormonal imbalance is caused by various factors such as thyroid disturbance and other medical conditions like stress and other strenuous activities. Furthermore, changes in your lifestyle, such as weight loss and weight gain, will affect your hormonal level. In fact, pregnancy will also affect your hormonal functions and will hold back your menstrual period.

Medical Conditions: Generally, irregular bleeding is caused by some other medical conditions, like abnormalities with your platelets, clotting disorders and other diseases. Any infection in your pelvic and vaginal areas will cause irregular menstrual period. Furthermore, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like gonorrhea or Chlamydia will cause irregular menstrual periods. Any disturbance in your health will affect the normal functions of your hormones. Thus, visiting your doctor or gynecologist is highly recommended.

Polyps or Fibroids: Growths in your uterus such as fibroids will cause irregular bleeding. However, fibroids are benign or non-cancerous growths. On the other hand, a uterine polyp is another medical condition which is characterized by some growth development of tissue membrane in the lining of your uterus. Thus, if you have fibroids or polyps growth in your uterus, this will cause irregular menstrual cycles.

These are some of the common causes of irregular bleeding. Any disturbance in your menstrual period needs attention. Thus, if you really value your health, visit your doctor or gynecologist regularly.

Breakthrough Bleeding

Breakthrough bleeding, or BTB, is the occurrence of uterine abnormal bleeding in between menstrual periods. Otherwise referred to as spotting, the condition is typically characterized by light vaginal blood discharges. Women oftentimes become anxious when abnormal vaginal bleeding happens before the anticipated date of menstruation or days shortly after a regular menstruation. Usually, breakthrough bleeding is related to a number of expected hormonal outcomes from several medical factors that generally do not pose a major health threat issue. It is observed that following one or two menstrual cycles, most breakthrough bleeding (abnormal vaginal bleeding) cases cease and normal menstruation continues.

Causes Of Breakthrough Bleeding

Women who are taking oral contraceptive pills manifest breakthrough bleeding during the initial months of the birth control regimen. At times, the episodes of bleeding are erratic and unpredictable causing momentary emotional distress and slight physical discomfort among the contraceptive users. The uterus relies on two hormones, namely estrogen and progesterone, to maintain the integrity of its lining or endometrium. Oral contraceptive pills are usually combined hormonal contraception, or CHC, which continuously supplies the endometrium with estrogen and progestin.

The latest combined hormonal contraception contains estrogen and progestin at a reduced dose. The abnormal vaginal bleeding occurs when the uterine lining becomes thin and vulnerable as a result of the low amounts of hormones in the contraceptive pill, which temporarily may be unable to sustain the endometrial integrity. As thinning persists, a premature sloughing of the uterine wall lining happens causing breakthrough bleeding.

Medical management of breakthrough bleeding related to this combined hormonal contraception effects may involve adjusting or shifting to oral contraceptive preparations containing either a higher content of estrogen or increased dosage of the combination of both estrogen and progestin. However, the prevailing advice of gynecologists would be the continued use of birth control pills until the body has adjusted to the constant hormonal level resulting to a gradual cessation of abnormal vaginal bleeding.

There are also instances when a sudden switch to another type or brand of birth control pill would lead to breakthrough bleeding. Inability to strictly adhere to the oral contraceptive regimen, such as inaccurate compliance or missed doses, could also influence the abnormal vaginal bleeding aside from having an increased chance of pregnancy. Ideally, intake of oral contraceptive pills is strictly required to be done at the same time of the day on a regular daily basis to avoid or lessen adverse abnormal bleeding effects. The efficacy of the birth control pill reduces if taken four hours later than the usual time of intake.

Breakthrough Bleeding and Smoking

Other studies also show that women who engage in smoking while actively on birth control pills are more prone to abnormal vaginal bleeding. It also takes an extended amount of time for breakthrough bleeding to end among women smokers who are into oral contraception compared to those women who are also taking contraceptive pills but abstain themselves from smoking. Some researches indicate that smoking is significant to the lowering of estrogen levels in the body which contributes to abnormal vaginal bleeding.

If birth control pills and oral contraceptive therapy have been ruled out in determining the cause of breakthrough bleeding, certain pathological factors could be involved. Abnormal growths in the uterus, like fibroid tumors, also lead to breakthrough bleeding. These tumors, although benign, are attached to the interior portion of the endometrial wall which is the origin site for uterine abnormal bleeding. Malignancies, benign growths and other diseases in the reproductive system may be accompanied by breakthrough bleeding.

Fluctuations of the reproductive hormones namely, estrogen, progesterone, follicular stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone, may also be connected to BTB. Conditions related to hormonal fluctuations include pregnancy and menopause.

When breakthrough bleeding does not seem to resolve by itself, it is best to seek help from a gynecologist. Breakthrough bleeding is usually non-threatening and could be easily treated through prompt medical attention and strict medical compliance.

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