Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss. As the disease spreads into the the bone and ligaments, it undermines the supporting structure of your teeth and leads to loss. Gum disease is caused by bacteria that invades the gums and leads to chronic infection. There are two stages of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontal disease. In the first stage of gum disease, the gums appear pink and swollen and bleed easily. As gum disease progresses, it moves into the bones and the ligaments. In the advanced stages of gum disease, the gums recede and the teeth become loose as deep pockets open up around them. By taking steps to prevent gum disease, you can keep your gums healthy and maintain a bright, healthy smile your whole life.
Brush and Floss
The first step for preventing gum disease is to brush and floss daily. You should brush at least two times a day and floss at least once a day. The bacteria that cause gum disease feed on sugar, so you should also brush after consuming sugary snacks or drinks. Use a soft toothbrush and make sure to brush your gum line.
Mouthwash kills the bacteria that cause gum disease. You can use a commercial mouthwash or blend your own. A 50/50 mix of warm water and 3% hydrogen peroxide not only kills bacteria but also prevents it from returning, at least for a while. You can also gargle with warm salt water or a little baking soda dissolved in warm water.
Eat Crunchy Fruits and Vegetables
Crunchy fruits and vegetables can help remove food particles and bacteria from your teeth and gums. They also massage your gum line, which stimulates healthy blood circulation, and encourage saliva flow, which washes away bacteria. The nutrients and antioxidants also fortify your gum tissue from the inside.
Avoid Activities that Damage your Gums
There are things people do every day that damage their gums; to protect your oral health, avoid these activities. Stop smoking. Smoking restricts blood flow and makes it difficult for your gums to heal after damage. Don’t eat hard candies. The sugar increases your risk for tooth decay and the candy shards can damage your gums.
By following these simple steps, you can avoid the damaging effects of gum disease. Keeping your gums healthy can help you keep your teeth for as long as you live.