Uric acid is a by-product of purine metabolism. Purine is naturally found in the body as well as in the food sources available to humans. Inside the body, there is a continuous process of regeneration and dying of cells. When these cells die, they break down into different chemical compounds, one of which is purine. Thus, the body will always contain uric acid.
An average adult man should maintain uric acid levels below 7mg/dL. When uric acid production of the body is in excess, this condition is known as hyperuricemia. To determine this condition, there should be awareness of uric acid symptoms.
A condition called asymptomatic hyperuricemia is the state wherein the human body is not affected by high levels of uric acid in the body. As a result, the body does not manifest the usual symptoms of high uric acid levels. This particular case could mean that the person has higher tolerance to uric acid complications and that its body is able to cope up with the excessive uric acid production by keeping up with its elimination from the body via urine and stool.
This exemption, however, is not benefited by all. For most people, once uric acid level rises above the normal level, uric acid symptoms are experienced. Some of these symptoms include swelling or inflammation, redness, and pain that usually occurs in the joints. These are tiny signs that soon lead to gout.
Know the High Uric Acid Symptoms
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Gout, or gouty arthritis, is the most prominent condition when one has high uric acid. It is a type of arthritis which is caused by the crystallization of uric acid, called urates. Gout crystals are needle-like, causing pain inside the area affected. It is also unbearably painful when the outside surface of the affected area is touched, causing difficulties for movement.
Kidney stone formation is also a manifestation of uric acid. Since the kidney functions as the filter of the body’s blood, it often happens that uric acids clutter and form stone-like deposits inside it. Other chemicals contribute to kidney stone formation but uric acid contributes a greater percentage. When these stones form, the body will start to experience painful urination, foul-smelling urine, and pain in the abdomen and groin area.
Some researchers say that high uric acid levels are also connected with hypertension and heart diseases. While it is true that these conditions are paired with high uric acid levels, it is still undetermined whether lowering the uric acid level could counteract against these diseases.
In order to control uric acid in the body, a healthy and balanced diet is necessary. Since purines are found in food, it is best to start cooking up meals that exclude purine-rich foods and instead make use of food items that have minimal purine content. It is purine that should be assessed since it is from purine that uric acid is derived.
For situations far worse, one should consult a doctor immediately. While diet can very much help lower uric acid levels of the body, other complications might be needing attention, such as chronic kidney diseases and heart diseases.